Monday, November 16, 2015

Zivadin Jovanovic, Forthcoming Belgrade Forum for a World of Equals


Uniting against terrorism under UN umbrella -  Dealing with rootcauses of Terrorism -
 Refugee Issue; Readmissionof 21st century deportation method.

This month, 24rth and 25th of November, Serbian capital Belgrade will be the
venue of the Scientific International Conference titled "Yalta, Potsdam,
Helsinki, Belgrade: in search of security order".  The gathering of
scientists, diplomats, politicians and public personalities from about 20
countries of Europe and the World is devoted to 70th anniversary of Yalta
and Potsdam conferences (1945) and 40th anniversary of adoption of the
Helsinki Final Document (1975). The Organizers are The Belgrade Forum for a
World of Equals and two Russian organizations - Center of National Glory and
the Fund of Saint Andrew. One week later (December 3rd and 4rth) Belgrade
will host Ministerial OSCE Conference in order to sum up results of one year
of Serbia`s presiding of this organization, commemorating important jubilee
and giving impetus to strengthening its peace, security and cooperation role
today and in the future.
Security and stability in Europe is indivisible from security and stability
in surrounding regions and the world. That's why the future of peace and
stability in Europe cannot be properly perceived if it is not closely linked
with peace and stability in the Middle East, Asia, Northern Africa (Maghreb)
and Africa, as a whole.
Unfortunately, nowadays world is faced with growing risks and threats to
security and stability. Mutual respect and trust among powers is in profound
crisis. Some powers have proclaimed themselves exempted from the Law Order
established and developed after the Second World War. Whenever the law stays
on the way of their imperial expansion they simply ignore or remove it and
abide by rule - might is right! Taking the role of an ultimate arbiter and
executor at the same time, power centers have been intervening militarily
all over the world. Violations the basic principles of International Law,
including UN Charter, Helsinki Final Document, bypassing the authority of UN
Security Council since 90th of the 20th century have become order of the
day.  It is appropriate to remember that Serbia (FRY) was the first European
victim of unprovoked and illegal military NATO aggression in 1999. This
turned to have become a blue-print to ensuing aggressions and military
interventions in Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Libya, Yemen, Mali Syria. We
need to ask ourselves what these aggressions have brought to the peoples of
the Balkans, Europe, Middle East, Maghreb, Africa.? To the world? To UN and
OSCE? To the International Law Order? Who can profit from fragmentation of
viable states, from national, tribal and religious divisions, from chaos,
hundreds of thousands of killed people, millions of refugees, displaced,
emigrants.? Who were (are) those leaders, masters of our destiny,
"independent" thinkers, philosophers, journalists, public figures in
general, who believe(d) that taking part in, or publically defending, or
justifying military aggressions, illegal regime changes and destabilization
of sovereign states was the right way to reinforce human rights, introduce
democracy, freedom and prosperity?
Following the first NATO war on European soil since Yalta and Potsdam
agreements we have witnessed kind of a new edition the old strategy "Drang
Nach Osten", namely mushrooming in USA military basis towards Russian
In 1999, taking part in NATO aggression, Europe participated in the war
against itself, against own stability. More than that: This was a turning
point binding NATO/EU member countries to take part in many other imperial
wars and regime changes. Regrettably, Europe participated in destabilization
of Ukraine and in sanctions, apparently, against Russia, in fact, again,
against own interests.
Europe can hardly be amnestied of responsibility for destructions of
Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria... Unprecedented flow of refugees and
immigrants which has caused state of emergency on the continent has to be
attributed to the lack of responsibility, vision and statesmanship of EU
(NATO) leaders.
Nowadays, Europe is suffering consequences of own terrible mistakes. Of
hazardous behavior. The level of egotism and unwillingness of EU leadership
to recognize real causes of the problem and deal with roots, not only with
consequences - are astonishing and do not promises positive outcome.
Enormous flow of immigrants is certainly not only a humanitarian, a social or
an economic problem. It is a security problem, too. Nevertheless the problem
cannot be solved by waging new wars, massive police and military border
patrols, refugee centers like concentration camps of 21st century, even less
by invoking the Dublin principles or so-called readmission agreements, kind
of 21st century deportation models.
Right now the world public is mourning the victims of unprecedented
terrorist attacks in Paris. While sincere expressions of solidarity with
bereaved families and with the entire French nation come from all corners of
the world, A sense of uncertainty, insecurity and fear - who is next - is very
much in the whole atmosphere. No doubt that terrorism is a universal,
extremely serious threat to  security, stability and cooperation - in
Europe and the world. In spite of  various actions and "success-stories" in the
struggle against terrorism, it has not diminished, in reality, it has been
rapidly growing. Spectacular military actions against international
terrorism after 2001 may have killed some terrorist leaders, may have
destroyed some terrorist headquarters but they certainly  have not dealt with
ideology and roots of this evil.
Calls to unite the world in the struggle against terrorism are logic,
welcome and necessary. To act seriously and responsibly, to our opinion,
means uniting under the authority of United Nations, i.e. UN Security
Council. Further, this requires coming to consensus as to definitions of
terrorism, terrorist and terrorist acts in the manner that excludes "good"
and "bed", "our" and "your" terrorism and terrorists. Double standard
approaches and abuse of the struggle against terrorism for promotion of
egoistic or geopolitical objectives must be excluded. Struggle against
terrorism includes use of adequate military means, efficient processing and
punishment of the terrorists. But, what has been lacking so far is
understanding of the complexity of the problem which is deep-rooted and long
lasting. It has political, socio-economic and religious roots. To eradicate
the causes, in my opinion, is necessary to return to:
-       Negotiations, peaceful, political, compromised solution of all
problems, respecting legitimate interests of all involved parties, without
any prejudices and double standards, be it in Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq,
Libya, or any other country;
-       stopping financing, training and arming terrorist groups and
-       equal, universal standards to terrorism and terrorists;
-       Respecting basic principle of international relations such as
freedom of choice in internal and foreign policy, sovereignty and
territorial integrity, including respect of sovereignty over natural and
economic recourses of any country;
-       Socio-economic development of the countries of origin of terrorism
and emigration, including  plans for reconstruction, education and
employment of young generations, particularly in war-torn regions (Middle
East, Maghreb, Sub-Sahara);
Is it not the right moment to initiate convening of the UN World Conference
on the struggle against terrorism with the objective to set up organization,
mandate and time/table for adoption of World Convention on Terrorism?


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