Monday, August 25, 2014

"Russia’s Humanitarian ‘Invasion’" by Ex- CIA army officer Ray McGovern

The following Op is valid as a critical evaluation of Western Policy and Media Coverage on Russian Policy . The Blogger does not approve of  all the historical references.

 24.08.2014 | 21:02

Before dawn broke in Washington on Saturday, “Ukrainian pro-Russian separatists” – more accurately described as federalists of southeast Ukraine who oppose last February’s coup in Kiev – unloaded desperately needed provisions from some 280 Russian trucks in Luhansk, Ukraine. The West accused those trucks of “invading” Ukraine on Friday, but it was a record short invasion; after delivering their loads of humanitarian supplies, many of the trucks promptly returned to Russia.
I happen to know what a Russian invasion looks like, and this isn’t it. Forty-six years ago, I was ten miles from the border of Czechoslovakia when Russian tanks stormed in to crush the “Prague Spring” experiment in democracy. The attack was brutal.
Once back in Munich, West Germany, where my duties included substantive liaison with Radio Free Europe, I experienced some of the saddest moments of my life listening to radio station after radio station on the Czech side of the border playing Smetana’s patriotic “Ma vlast” (My Homeland) before going silent for more than two decades.
I was not near the frontier between Russia and southeastern Ukraine on Friday as the convoy of some 280 Russian supply trucks started rolling across the border heading toward the federalist-held city of Luhansk, but that “invasion” struck me as more like an attempt to break a siege, a brutal method of warfare that indiscriminately targets all, including civilians, violating the principle of non-combatant immunity.
Michael Walzer, in his War Against Civilians, notes that “more people died in the 900-day siege of Leningrad during WWII than in the infernos of Hamburg, Dresden, Tokyo, Hiroshima and Nagasaki taken together.” So the Russians have some strong feelings about sieges.
There’s also a personal side for Russian President Vladimir Putin, who was born in Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg, eight years after the long siege by the German army ended. It is no doubt a potent part of his consciousness. One elder brother, Viktor, died of diphtheria during the siege of Leningrad.
The Siege of Luhansk
Despite the fury expressed by U.S. and NATO officials about Russia’s unilateral delivery of the supplies after weeks of frustrating negotiations with Ukrainian authorities, there was clearly a humanitarian need. An International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) team that visited Luhansk on Aug. 21 to make arrangements for the delivery of aid found water and electricity supplies cut off because of damage to essential infrastructure.
The Ukrainian army has been directing artillery fire into the city in an effort to dislodge the ethnic Russian federalists, many of whom had supported elected President Viktor Yanukovych who was ousted in the Feb. 22 coup.
The Red Cross team reported that people in Luhansk do not leave their homes for fear of being caught in the middle of ongoing fighting, with intermittent shelling into residential areas placing civilians at risk. Laurent Corbaz, ICRC head of operations for Europe and Central Asia, reported “an urgent need for essentials like food and medical supplies.”
The ICRC stated that it had “taken all necessary administrative and preparatory steps for the passage of the Russian convoy,” and that, “pending customs checks,” the organization was “therefore ready to deliver the aid to Luhansk … provided assurances of safe passage are respected.”
The “safe passage” requirement, however, was the Catch-22. The Kiev regime and its Western supporters have resisted a ceasefire or a political settlement until the federalists – deemed “terrorists” by Kiev – lay down their arms and surrender.
Accusing the West of repeatedly blocking a “humanitarian armistice,” a Russian Foreign Ministry statement cited both Kiev’s obstructionist diplomacy and “much more intensive bombardment of Luhansk” on Aug. 21, the day after some progress had been made on the ground regarding customs clearance and border control procedures: “In other words, the Ukrainian authorities are bombing the destination [Luhansk] and are using this as a pretext to stop the delivery of humanitarian relief aid.”
‘Decision to Act’
Referring to these “intolerable” delays and “endless artificial demands and pretexts,” the Foreign Ministry said, “The Russian side has decided to act.” And there the statement’s abused, plaintive tone ended sharply – with this implied military threat:
“We are warning against any attempts to thwart this purely humanitarian mission. … Those who are ready to continue sacrificing human lives to their own ambitions and geopolitical designs and are rudely trampling on the norms and principles of international humanitarian law will assume complete responsibility for the possible consequences of provocations against the humanitarian relief convoy.”
Despite all the agreements and understandings that Moscow claims were reached earlier with Ukrainian authorities, Kiev insists it did not give permission for the Russian convoy to cross its border and that the Russians simply violated Ukrainian sovereignty – no matter the exigent circumstances they adduce.
More alarming still, Russia’s “warning” could be construed as the Kremlin claiming the right to use military force within Ukraine itself, in order to protect such humanitarian supply efforts – and perhaps down the road, to protect the anti-coup federalists, as well.
The risk of escalation, accordingly, will grow in direct proportion to the aggressiveness of not only the Ukrainian armed forces but also their militias of neo-fascists who have been dispatched by Kiev as frontline shock troops in eastern Ukraine.
Though many Russian citizens have crossed the border in support of their brethren in eastern Ukraine, Moscow has denied dispatching or controlling these individuals. But now there are Russians openly acknowledged to have been sent by Moscow into Ukraine – even if only “pilots” of “Russian military vehicles painted to look like civilian trucks,” as the White House depicted the humanitarian mission.
Moscow’s move is a difficult one to parry, except for those – and there are many, both in Kiev and in Washington – who would like to see the situation escalate to a wider East-West armed confrontation. One can only hope that, by this stage, President Barack Obama, Secretary of State John Kerry and the European Union realize they have a tiger by the tail.
The coup regime in Kiev knows which side its bread is buttered on, so to speak, and can be expected to heed the advice from the U.S. and the EU if it is expressed forcefully and clearly. Not so the fanatics of the extreme right party Svoboda and the armed “militia” comprised of the Right Sector. Moreover, there are influential neo-fascist officials in key Kiev ministries who dream of cleansing eastern Ukraine of as many ethnic Russians as possible.
Thus, the potential for serious mischief and escalation has grown considerably. Even if Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko wants to restrain his hardliners, he may be hard-pressed to do so. Thus, the U.S. government could be put in the unenviable position of being blamed for provocations – even military attacks on unarmed Russian truck drivers – over which it has little or no control.
Giving Hypocrisy a Bad Name
The White House second-string P.R. team came off the bench on Friday, with the starters on vacation, and it was not a pretty scene. Even if one overlooks the grammatical mistakes, the statement they cobbled together left a lot to be desired.
It began: “Today, in violation of its previous commitments and international law, Russian military vehicles painted to look like civilian trucks forced their way into Ukraine. …
“The Ukrainian government and the international community have repeatedly made clear that this convoy would constitute a humanitarian mission only if expressly agreed to by the Ukrainian government and only if the aid was inspected, escorted and distributed by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). We can confirm that the ICRC is not escorting the vehicles and has no role in managing the mission. …
“Russian military vehicles piloted by Russian drivers have unilaterally entered the territory controlled by the separatist forces.”
The White House protested that Kiev had not “expressly agreed” to allow the convoy in without being escorted by the ICRC. Again, the Catch 22 is obvious. Washington has been calling the shots, abetting Kiev’s dawdling as the supply trucks sat at the border for a week while Kiev prevented the kind of ceasefire that the ICRC insists upon before it will escort such a shipment.
The other issue emphasized in the White House statement was inspection of the trucks: “While a small number of these vehicles were inspected by Ukrainian customs officials, most of the vehicles have not been inspected by anyone but Russia.” During a press conference at the UN on Friday, Russia’s UN Ambassador Vitaly Churkin took strong exception to that charge, claiming not only that 59 Ukrainian inspectors had been looking through the trucks on the Russian side of the border, but that media representatives had been able to choose for themselves which trucks to examine.
Regardless of this latest geopolitical back-and-forth, it’s clear that Moscow’s decision to send the trucks across the border marked a new stage of the civil war in Ukraine. As Putin prepares to meet with Ukrainian President Poroshenko next week in Minsk – and as NATO leaders prepare for their summit on Sept. 4 to 5 in Wales – the Kremlin has put down a marker: there are limits to the amount of suffering that Russia will let Kiev inflict on the anti-coup federalists and ethnic Russian civilians right across the border.
The Russians’ attitude seems to be that if the relief convoys can be described as an invasion of sovereign territory, so be it. Nor are they alone in the court of public opinion.
On Friday at the UN, Russian Ambassador Churkin strongly objected to comments that, by its behavior, Russia found itself isolated. Churkin claimed that some of the Security Council members were “sensitive to the Russian position – among them China and the countries of Latin America.” (Argentina and Chile are currently serving as non-permanent members of the Security Council.)
The Polemic and Faux Fogh
Charter members of the Fawning Corporate Media are already busily at work, including the current FCM dean, the New York Times’ Michael R. Gordon, who was at it again with a story titled “Russia Moves Artillery Units Into Ukraine, NATO Says.”  Gordon’s “scoop” was all over the radio and TV news; it was picked up by NPR and other usual suspects who disseminate these indiscriminate alarums.
Gordon, who never did find those Weapons of Mass Destruction that he assured us were in Iraq, now writes: “The Russian military has moved artillery units manned by Russian personnel inside Ukrainian territory in recent days and was using them to fire at Ukrainian forces, NATO officials said on Friday.”
His main source seems to be NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen, who famously declared in 2003, “Iraq has WMDs. It is not something we think; it is something we know.” Cables released by WikiLeaks have further shown the former Danish prime minister to be a tool of Washington.
However, Gordon provided no warning to Times’ readers about Rasmussen’s sorry track record for accuracy. Nor did the Times remind its readers about Gordon’s sorry history of getting sensitive national security stories wrong.
Surely, the propaganda war will be stoked by what happened on Friday. Caveat emptor.
Ray McGovern works with Tell the Word, a publishing arm of the ecumenical Church of the Saviour in inner-city Washington.  As an Army officer and CIA analyst, he worked in intelligence for 30 years.  He is co-founder of Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity (VIPS).

Tags: Novorossiya Russia Ukraine US

Jewish Holocaust survivors from around the world call for justice in Gaza

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE – August 24th, 2014

Jewish Holocaust survivors from around the world call for justice in Gaza

[8/24/14 San Francisco, CA] 40 Jewish survivors of the Nazi Holocaust and 287 descendants of survivors and victims issued a letter this weekend condemning Israel’s actions in Gaza. “As Jewish survivors and descendants of survivors and victims of the Nazi genocide we unequivocally condemn the massacre of Palestinians in Gaza and the ongoing occupation and colonization of historic Palestine.” The letter, with signatories from 26 countries representing four generations of survivors and descendants, ran on page A13 of the Saturday, August 23rd edition of the New York Times.
The letter has been reported by Ha’aretz and the BBC among others. As of 9:00 p.m. Eastern Time on Saturday the Ha’aretz article had received more than 15,000 facebook likes and had been shared on twitter nearly 5,000 times. Signatories to the letter will be hosting a press conference on Monday, August 25th, 2014 at 11:00 am Eastern Time.
The Holocaust survivors expressed gratitude for the opportunity to express their dismay over Israel’s assault and misrepresentation of their shared history. Liliana Kaczerginski, daughter of a Vilna ghetto resistance fighter, said “What Israel is doing goes against everything that my father fought for; it is a violation of my family’s memory and I am proud to honor them with my signature.”
Hajo Meyer, a survivor of Auschwitz and the initial signatory to the letter expressed outrage at the racism coming out of Israel. “The dehumanization of Jews is what made possible the Nazi genocide. In the same way, we are witnessing the escalating dehumanization of Palestinians in Israeli society,” he said. [Meyer passed away on 8/22/2014, the day before the letter ran in the New York Times.]
The letter was penned in response to an inflammatory ad campaign in which Elie Wiesel compares the murder of children during the Holocaust to Hamas’ actions in Gaza. Wiesel’s ad—which ran in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post and the Guardian among others—was so distasteful that the Times of London declined to run it and the Guardian published this response for free. In the letter, the survivors write, “we are disgusted and outraged by Elie Wiesel’s abuse of our history to justify the unjustifiable: Israel’s wholesale effort to destroy Gaza and the murder of more than 2,000 Palestinians, including many hundreds of children.”
Dr. Hani Jamah, a Palestinian living in California who lost 30 family members in an Israeli bombing said, “When Israel started it’s bombardment of Gaza, I turned on the news and discovered that 30 of my aunts and cousins had died in a single bomb blast. Joining my voice with 40 survivors of the Nazi genocide adds power to our call that we must work together to bring justice to Gaza.”
“With the growing number of people around the world holding Israel accountable for its genocidal crimes, I applaud the courageous statements by holocaust survivors and their families being on the right side of justice,” said Monadel Herzallah, who is part of the US Palestinian Community Network and has family in Gaza. “Our children and grandchildren inside of Gaza deserve a life of believing that Never Again means Never Again for Anyone, Anywhere, Anytime.”
Raphael Cohen, grandson of survivors who lives in the United States, called on people to take action to demand justice for Palestinians. “It is my own government paying for this violence. When governments won’t do what’s right, individuals and communities must speak out. That’s why I support the Palestinian call for boycott, divestment, and sanctions.”
The signatories hope that their letter will strengthen the claim that the legacy of Jewish suffering must mean never again for anyone, least of all, to be used in defense of Israeli violence.

Press Contact: Lee Gargagliano,
***Interviews are available in English, Spanish, French, Hebrew and German***

Dr. Hajo G. Meyer was born in 1924 in Bielefeld, Germany. Not allowed to attend Hajo Meyerschool there after November 1938, he fled to the Netherlands, alone. In I944, after a year in the underground, he was caught and subsequently survived 10 months at Auschwitz. He lives in the Netherlands.

Hedy EpsteinHedy Epstein was born August 15, 1924 in Freiburg, Germany. She escaped Nazi Germany to England on a children’s transport. Hedy’s parents were sent to Auschwitz and never heard from again. After the war, Hedy worked at the Nuremberg Medical Trial, which tried the doctors accused of performing medical experiments on concentration camp inmates. She lives in the United States.

Raphael Cohen is a writer and educator based in Oakland, California. His maternal raphael cohen 2grandparents survived the height of the Nazi genocide in Poland, hidden alongside several dozen other Jews by a non-Jewish Pole. Raphael lives in the United States.

Dr Hani Jamah is a dentist and Palestinian-American who lost 30 members of his extended family in a single Israeli bombing. Dr Jamah lives in San Jose, CA. He said, “When Israel started it’s bombardment of Gaza, I turned on the news and discovered that 30 of my aunts and cousins had died in a single bomb blast. Joining my voice with 40 survivors of the Nazi genocide adds power to our call that we must work together to bring justice to Gaza.

Edith BellEdith Bell was born in Hamburg, Germany, in 1923. Her father died in concentration camp Theresienstadt and her mother in Auschwitz. Edith was sent to Camp Westerbork, Theresienstadt, Auschwitz and Kurzbach and was liberated by the Soviet Army in January 1945. After the war she returned to the Netherlands then migrated in 1947 to Palestine, living in a Kibbutz. Edith has lived in the US since 1955 and has been a member of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom for more than 50 years.

Margot Goldstein
Margot Goldstein has taught social studies in public schools of San Francisco for over a decade, and is the daughter of immigrants from Argentina and Germany. Her grandfather was taken by Nazi’s in the middle of the night to Buchenwald Concentration camp, but early on in the war, made it to Bolivia, where the rest of the family eventually met him. She is a part of the International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network.
Maia EttingerMaia Ettinger is a writer and attorney living in Guilford, CT. Born in Warsaw, Poland, she came to the United States at the age of 5 with her mother and grandmother, both survivors of the Nazi genocide who escaped the Warsaw Ghetto as the trains began running to Treblinka. Raised as a proud, secular Jew, Maia was a strong supporter of Israel, and struggled with the issue of Palestinian rights until her mother visited a West Bank checkpoint during the first Gulf War. In a phone call from Israel, her mother said, “Maia, it was the Ghetto.”
Liliane Kaczerginski - Schmerke Kacerczynski, Liliane’s father, was liliane_cordova_kaczera prominent Jewish fighter against the Nazis in the Vilnius ghetto in Lithuania. A former activist with Matzpen during her 14 years in Israel, Liliane is now an activist with the International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network (IJAN). She recently argued that “Zionism dishonours the genocide of European Jews” and that a “Jewish State…means Jewish supremacy; we say no to the ethnic cleansing of Palestinian people.” Liliane lives in France.

Suzanne at a demo-cropped (1)Suzanne Weiss is a Jewish holocaust survivor hidden and saved by a peasant community in Auvergne , France. Her mother died in Auschwitz, 1943. Suzanne Weiss now lives in Canada.

Alex Safron 1
Alex Safron is a Bay Area based video editor and producer. His maternal grandmother survived the Nazi Genocide, after her parents were taken and presumably perished in a concentration camp, by going into hiding with other Jews in Germany, escaping a work camp in the Pyrenees, escaping arrested by Klaus Barbie and joining the French Maquis resistance.
© 2014 IJAN.

More than 350 Survivors and Descendants of Survivors and Victims of the Nazi Genocide Condemn Israel’s Assault on Gaza

327 Jewish survivors and descendants of survivors and victims of the Nazi genocide published this letter written in response to Elie Wiesel’s manipulation of the Nazi Genocide in the Saturday, August 23rd edition of the New York Times. Since then several more have signed on.

Click here to view the press release from signatories to the letter.

Jewish survivors and descendants of survivors and victims of Nazi genocide unequivocally condemn the massacre of Palestinians in Gaza

As Jewish survivors and descendants of survivors and victims of the Nazi genocide we unequivocally condemn the massacre of Palestinians in Gaza and the ongoing occupation and colonization of historic Palestine. We further condemn the United States for providing Israel with the funding to carry out the attack, and Western states more generally for using their diplomatic muscle to protect Israel from condemnation. Genocide begins with the silence of the world.

We are alarmed by the extreme, racist dehumanization of Palestinians in Israeli society, which has reached a fever-pitch. In Israel, politicians and pundits in The Times of Israel and The Jerusalem Post have called openly for genocide of Palestinians and right-wing Israelis are adopting Neo-Nazi insignia.

Furthermore, we are disgusted and outraged by Elie Wiesel’s abuse of our history in these pages to justify the unjustifiable: Israel’s wholesale effort to destroy Gaza and the murder of more than 2,000 Palestinians, including many hundreds of children. Nothing can justify bombing UN shelters, homes, hospitals and universities. Nothing can justify depriving people of electricity and water.

We must raise our collective voices and use our collective power to bring about an end to all forms of racism, including the ongoing genocide of Palestinian people. We call for an immediate end to the siege against and blockade of Gaza. We call for the full economic, cultural and academic boycott of Israel. “Never again” must mean NEVER AGAIN FOR ANYONE!



  1. Hajo Meyer, survivor of Auschwitz, The Netherlands.
  2. Henri Wajnblum, survivor and son of a victim of Auschwitz from Lodz, Poland. Lives in Belgium.
  3. Renate Bridenthal, child refugee from Hitler, granddaughter of Auschwitz victim, United States.
  4. Marianka Ehrlich Ross, survivor of Nazi ethnic cleansing in Vienna, Austria. Now lives in United States.
  5. Irena Klepfisz, child survivor from the Warsaw Ghetto, Poland. Now lives in United States.
  6. Hedy Epstein, her parents & other family members were deported to Camp de Gurs & subsequently all perished in Auschwitz. Now lives in United States.
  7. Lillian Rosengarten, survivor of the Nazi Holocaust, United States.
  8. Suzanne Weiss, survived in hiding in France, and daughter of a mother who was murdered in Auschwitz. Now lives in Canada.
  9. H. Richard Leuchtag, survivor, United States.
  10. Ervin Somogyi, survivor and son of survivors, United States.
  11. Ilse Hadda, survivor on Kindertransport to England. Now lives in United States.
  12. Jacques Glaser, survivor, France.
  13. Eva Naylor, surivor, New Zealand.
  14. Suzanne Ross, child refugee from Nazi occupation in Belgium, two thirds of family perished in the Lodz Ghetto, in Auschwitz, and other Camps, United States.
  15. Bernard Swierszcz, Polish survivor, lost relatives in Majdanek concentration camp. Now lives in the United States.
  16. Joseph Klinkov, hidden child in Poland. Lives in the United States.
  17. Nicole Milner, survivor from Belgium. Now lives in United States.
  18. Hedi Saraf, child survivor and daughter of survivor of Dachau, United States.
  19. Michael Rice, child survivor, son and grandson of survivor, aunt and cousin murderd, ALL 14 remaining Jewish children in my Dutch boarding school were murdered in concentration camps, United States.
  20. Barbara Roose, survivor from Germany, half-sister killed in Auschwitz, United States.
  21. Sonia Herzbrun, survivor of Nazi genocide, France.
  22. Ivan Huber, survivor with my parents, but 3 of 4 grandparents murdered, United States.
  23. Altman Janina, survivor of Janowski concentration camp, Lvov. Lives in Israel.
  24. Leibu Strul Zalman, survivor from Vaslui Romania. Lives in Jerusalem, Palestine.
  25. Miriam Almeleh, survivor, United States.
  26. George Bartenieff, child survivor from Germany and son of survivors, United States.
  27. Margarete Liebstaedter, survivor, hidden by Christian people in Holland. Lives in Belgium.
  28. Edith Bell, survivor of Westerbork, Theresienstadt, Auschwitz and Kurzbach. Lives in United States.
  29. Janine Euvrard, survivor, France.
  30. Harry Halbreich, survivor, Germany.
  31. Ruth Kupferschmidt, survivor, spent five years hiding, The Netherlands.
  32. Annette Herskovits, hidden child and daughter of victims deported to Auschwitz from France. Lives in the United States.
  33. Felicia Langer, survivor from Germany. Lives in Germany.
  34. Moshe Langer, survivor from Germany, Moshe survived 5 concentration camps, family members were exterminated. Lives in Germany.
  35. Adam Policzer, hidden child from Hungary. Now lives in Canada.
  36. Juliane Biro, survivor via the Kindertransport to England, daughter of survivors, niece of victims, United States.
  37. Edith Rubinstein, child refugee, granddaughter of 3 victims, many other family members were victims, Belgium.
  38. Jacques Bude, survivor, mother and father murdered in Auschwitz, Belgium.
  39. Nicole Kahn, survivor, France.
  40. Shimon Schwarzschild, survivor from Germany, United States.
  41. George Winston, survivor, Australia.
  42. Marietta Elliott-Kleerkoper, child survivor, hidden from 1942 till 1945 in the Dutch countryside with Christians, Australia.
  43. Susan Varga, survivor, Australia.

Children of survivors:

  1. Liliana Kaczerginski, daughter of Vilna ghetto resistance fighter and granddaughter of murdered in Ponary woods, Lithuania. Now lives in France.
  2. Jean-Claude Meyer, son of Marcel, shot as a hostage by the Nazis, whose sister and parents died in Auschwitz. Now lives in France.
  3. Chava Finkler, daughter of survivor of Starachovice labour camp, Poland. Now lives in Canada.
  4. Micah Bazant, child of a survivor of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  5. Sylvia Schwarz, daughter and granddaughter of survivors and granddaughter of victims of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  6. Margot Goldstein, daughter and granddaughter of survivors of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  7. Ellen Schwarz Wasfi, daughter of survivors from Vienna, Austria. Now lives in United States.
  8. Lisa Kosowski, daughter of survivor and granddaughter of Auschwitz victims, United States.
  9. Daniel Strum, son of a refugee from Vienna, who, with his parents were forced to flee in 1939, his maternal grand-parents were lost, United States.
  10. Bruce Ballin, son of survivors, some relatives of parents died in camps, one relative beheaded for being in the Baum Resistance Group, United States.
  11. Rachel Duell, daughter of survivors from Germany and Poland, United States.
  12. Tom Mayer, son of survivor and grandson of victims, United States.
  13. Alex Nissen, daughter of survivors who escaped but lost family in the Holocaust, Australia.
  14. Mark Aleshnick, son of survivor who lost most of her family in Nazi genocide, United States.
  15. Prof. Haim Bresheeth, son of two survivors of Auschwitz and Bergen Belsen, London.
  16. Todd Michael Edelman, son and grandson of survivors and great-grandson of victims of the Nazi genocide in Hungary, Romania and Slovakia, United States.
  17. Tim Naylor, son of survivor, New Zealand.
  18. Victor Nepomnyashchy, son and grandson of survivors and grandson and relative of many victims, United States.
  19. Tanya Ury, daughter of parents who fled Nazi Germany, granddaughter, great granddaugher and niece of survivors and those who died in concentration camps, Germany.
  20. Rachel Giora, daughter of Polish Jews who fled Poland, Israel.
  21. Jane Hirschmann, daughter of survivors, United States.
  22. Jenny Heinz, daughter of survivor, United States.
  23. Miranda Pinch, daughter of Beate Sommer who was a Czeck refugee along with her father Ernst Sommer, UK.
  24. Elsa Auerbach, daughter of Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany, United States.
  25. Julian Clegg, son and grandson of Austrian refugees, relative of Austrian and Hungarian concentration camp victims, Taiwan.
  26. David Mizner, son of a survivor, relative of people who died in the Holocaust, United States.
  27. Jeffrey J. Westcott, son and grandson of Holocaust survivors from Germany, United States.
  28. Susan K. Jacoby, daughter of parents who were refugees from Nazi Germany, granddaughter of survivor of Buchenwald, United States.
  29. Audrey Bomse, daughter of a survivor of Nazi ethnic cleansing in Vienna, lives in United States.
  30. Daniel Gottschalk, son and grandson of refugees from the Holocaust, relative to various family members who died in the Holocaust, United States.
  31. Barbara Grossman, daughter of survivors, granddaughter of Holocaust victims, United States.
  32. Abraham Weizfeld PhD, son of survivorswho escaped Warsaw (Jewish Bundist) and Lublin ghettos, Canada.
  33. David Rohrlich, son of refugees from Vienna, grandson of victim, United States.
  34. Walter Ballin, son of holocaust survivors, United States.
  35. Fritzi Ross, daughter of survivor, granddaughter of Dachau survivor Hugo Rosenbaum, great-granddaughter and great-niece of victims, United States.
  36. Reuben Roth, son of survivors who fled from Poland in 1939, Canada.
  37. Tony Iltis, father fled from Czechoslovakia and grandmother murdered in Auschwitz, Australia.
  38. Anne Hudes, daughter and granddaughter of survivors from Vienna, Austria, great-granddaughter of victims who perished in Auschwitz, United States.
  39. Mateo Nube, son of survivor from Berlin, Germany. Lives in United States.
  40. John Mifsud, son of survivors from Malta, United States.
  41. Mike Okrent, son of two holocaust / concentration camp survivors, United States.
  42. Susan Bailey, daughter of survivor and niece of victims, UK.
  43. Brenda Lewis, child of Kindertransport survivor, parent’s family died in Auschwitz and Terezin. Lives in Canada.
  44. Patricia Rincon-Mautner, daughter of survivor and granddaughter of survivor, Colombia.
  45. Barak Michèle, daughter and grand-daughter of a survivor, many members of family were killed in Auschwitz or Bessarabia. Lives in Germany.
  46. Jessica Blatt, daughter of child refugee survivor, both grandparents’ entire families killed in Poland. Lives in United States
  47. Maia Ettinger, daughter & granddaughter of survivors, United States.
  48. Ammiel Alcalay, child of survivors from then Yugoslavia. Lives in United States.
  49. Julie Deborah Kosowski, daughter of hidden child survivor, grandparents did not return from Auschwitz, United States.
  50. Julia Shpirt, daughter of survivor, United States.
  51. Ruben Rosenberg Colorni, grandson and son of survivors, The Netherlands.
  52. Victor Ginsburgh, son of survivors, Belgium.
  53. Arianne Sved, daughter of a survivor and granddaughter of victim, Spain.
  54. Rolf Verleger, son of survivors, father survived Auschwitz, mother survived deportation from Berlin to Estonia, other family did not survive. Lives in Germany.
  55. Euvrard Janine, daughter of survivors, France.
  56. H. Fleishon, daughter of survivors, United States.
  57. Barbara Meyer, daughter of survivor in Polish concentration camps. Lives in Italy.
  58. Susan Heuman, child of survivors and granddaughter of two grandparents murdered in a forest in Minsk. Lives in United States.
  59. Rami Heled, son of survivors, all grandparents and family killed by the Germans in Treblinka, Oswiecim and Russia. Lives in Israel.
  60. Eitan Altman, son of survivor, France.
  61. Jorge Sved, son of survivor and grandson of victim, United Kingdom
  62. Maria Kruczkowska, daughter of Lea Horowicz who survived the holocaust in Poland. Lives in Poland.
  63. Sarah Lanzman, daughter of survivor of Auschwitz, United States.
  64. Cheryl W, daughter, granddaughter and nieces of survivors, grandfather was a member of the Dutch Underground (Eindhoven). Lives in Australia.
  65. Chris Holmquist, son of survivor, UK.
  66. Beverly Stuart, daughter and granddaughter of survivors from Romania and Poland. Lives in United States.
  67. Peter Truskier, son and grandson of survivors, United States.
  68. Karen Bermann, daughter of a child refugee from Vienna. Lives in United States.
  69. Rebecca Weston, daughter and granddaughter of survivor, Spain.
  70. Prof. Yosefa Loshitzky, daughter of Holocaust survivors, London, UK.
  71. Marion Geller, daughter and granddaughter of those who escaped, great-granddaughter and relative of many who died in the camps, UK.
  72. Susan Slyomovics, daughter and granddaughter of survivors of Auschwitz, Plaszow, Markleeberg and Ghetto Mateszalka, United States.
  73. Helga Fischer Mankovitz, daughter, niece and cousin of refugees who fled from Austria, niece of victim who perished, Canada.
  74. Michael Wischnia, son of survivors and relative of many who perished, United States.
  75. Arthur Graaff, son of decorated Dutch resistance member and nazi victim, The Netherlands.
  76. Yael Kahn, daughter of survivors who escaped Nazi Germany, many relatives that perished, UK.
  77. Pierre Stambul, son of French resistance fighters, father deported to Buchenwalk, grandparents disapeared in Bessarabia, France.
  78. Georges Gumpel, son of a deportee who died at Melk, Austria (subcamp of Mauthausen), France.
  79. Emma Kronberg, daughter of survivor Buchenwald, United States.
  80. Hannah Schwarzschild, daughter of a refugee who escaped Nazi Germany after experiencing Kristallnacht, United States.
  81. Rubin Kantorovich, son of a survivor, Canada.
  82. Daniele Armaleo, son of German refugee, grandparents perished in Theresienstadt, United States.
  83. Aminda Stern Baird, daughter of survivor, United States.
  84. Ana Policzer, daughter of hidden child, granddaughter of victim, niece/grandniece of four victims and two survivors, Canada.
  85. Sara Castaldo, daughter of survivors, United States.
  86. Pablo Policzer, son of a survivor, Canada.
  87. Gail Nestel, daughter of survivors who lost brothers, sisters, parents and cousins, Canada.
  88. Elizabeth Heineman, daughter and niece of unaccompanied child refugees, granddaughter of survivors, great-granddaughter and grand-niece of victims, United States.
  89. Lainie Magidsohn, daughter of child survivor and numerous other relatives from Czestochowa, Poland. Lives in Canada.
  90. Doris Gelbman, daughter and granddaughter of survivors, granddaughter and niece of many who perished, United States.
  91. Erna Lund, daughter of survivor, Norway.
  92. Rayah Feldman, daughter of refugees, granddaughter and niece of victims and survivors, UK.
  93. Hadas Rivera-Weiss, daughter of survivors from Hungary, mother Ruchel Weiss née Abramovich and father Shaya Weiss, United States.
  94. Pedro Tabensky, son of survivor of the Budapest Ghetto, South Africa.
  95. Allan Kolski Horwitz, son of a survivor; descendant of many, many victims, South Africa.
  96. Monique Mojica, child of survivor, relative to many victims murdered in Auschwitz. Canada.
  97. Mike Brecher, son of a Kindertransport survivor and grandson of two who did not survive. UK.
  98. Nomi Yah Gardiner, daughter and granddaughter of survivors, relative of victims, United States.
  99. Marianne van Leeuw Koplewicz, daughter of deported parents, grand-daughter and niece of victims, Belgium.
  100. Alfred Gluecksmann, son of survivors of Germany, United States.
  101. Smadar Carmon, daughter of survivor, Canada.
  102. Lara Braitstein, daughter of a survivor, father was a hidden child in Belgium, most of his cousins, aunts, uncles, and one set of grandparents were all murdered, Canada.
  103. Susan J Braverman, daughter of a survivor and granddaughter of victims, United States.
  104. Peter Slezak, son and grandson, Australia.
  105. Liz Brummer, daugher of survivors, Australia.
  106. Anneke Deustch, daughter of a Viennese survivor, my aunts, uncles and grandfather perished in Treblinka and Auschwitz, Australia.
  107. George Hudes, son and grandson of survivors from Vienna, great-grandson of victims who perished in Auschwitz, United States.
  108. Sabena Winston, daughter of a Polish survivor, Australia.
  109. Max Orden, son of survivor of Buchenwald, Australia.
  110. Gail Soltan Payne, daugher and niece of survivors from Croatia, United States.

Grandchildren of survivors

  1. Raphael Cohen, grandson of Jewish survivors of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  2. Emma Rubin, granddaughter of a survivor of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  3. Alex Safron, grandson of a survivor of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  4. Danielle Feris, grandchild of a Polish grandmother whose whole family died in the Nazi Holocaust, United States.
  5. Jesse Strauss, grandson of Polish survivors of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  6. Anna Baltzer, granddaughter of survivors whose family members perished in Auschwitz (others were members of the Belgian Resistance), United States.
  7. Abigail Harms, granddaughter of Holocaust survivor from Austria, Now lives in United States.
  8. Tessa Strauss, granddaughter of Polish Jewish survivors of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  9. Caroline Picker, granddaughter of survivors of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  10. Amalle Dublon, grandchild and great-grandchild of survivors of the Nazi holocaust, United States.
  11. Antonie Kaufmann Churg, 3rd cousin of Ann Frank and grand-daughter of NON-survivors, United States.
  12. Aliza Shvarts, granddaughter of survivors, United States.
  13. Linda Mamoun, granddaughter of survivors, United States.
  14. Abby Okrent, granddaughter of survivors of the Auschwitz, Dachau, Stuttgart, and the Lodz Ghetto, United States.
  15. Ted Auerbach, grandson of survivor whose whole family died in the Holocaust, United States.
  16. Beth Bruch, grandchild of German Jews who fled to US and great-grandchild of Nazi holocaust survivor, United States.
  17. Bob Wilson, grandson of a survivor, United States.
  18. Katharine Wallerstein, granddaughter of survivors and relative of many who perished, United States.
  19. Sylvia Finzi, granddaughter and niece of Holocaust victims murdered in Auschwitz, London.
  20. Esteban Schmelz, grandson of KZ-Theresienstadt victim, Mexico City.
  21. Françoise Basch, grand daughter of Victor and Ilona Basch murdered by the Gestapo and the French Milice, France.
  22. Gabriel Alkon, grandson of Holocaust survivors, Untied States.
  23. Nirit Ben-Ari, grandchild of Polish grandparents from both sides whose entire family was killed in the Nazi Holocaust, United States.
  24. Heike Schotten, granddaughter of refugees from Nazi Germany who escaped the genocide, United States.
  25. Ike af Carlstèn, grandson of survivor, Norway.
  26. Elias Lazarus, grandson of Holocaust refugees from Dresden, United States and Australia.
  27. Laura Mandelberg, granddaughter of Holocaust survivors, United States.
  28. Josh Ruebner, grandson of Nazi Holocaust survivors, United States.
  29. Shirley Feldman, granddaughter of survivors, United States.
  30. Nuno Cesar Ferreira, grandson of survivor, Brazil.
  31. Andrea Land, granddaugher of survivors who fled programs in Poland, all European relatives died in German and Polish concentration camps, United States.
  32. Sarah Goldman, granddaughter of survivors of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  33. Baruch Wolski, grandson of survivors, Austria.
  34. Frank Amahran, grandson of survivor, United States.
  35. Eve Spangler, granddaughter of Holocaust NON-survivor, United States.
  36. Gil Medovoy, grandchild of Fela Hornstein who lost her enitre family in Poland during the Nazi genocide, United States.
  37. Michael Hoffman, grandson of survivors, rest of family killed in Poland during Holocaust, live in El Salvador.
  38. Sarah Hogarth, granddaughter of a survivor whose entire family was killed at Auschwitz, United States.
  39. Tibby Brooks, granddaughter, niece, and cousin of victims of Nazis in Ukraine. Lives in United States.
  40. Dan Berger, grandson of survivor, United States.
  41. Dani Baurer, granddaughter of Baruch Pollack, survivor of Auschwitz. Lives in United States.
  42. Talia Baurer, granddaughter of a survivor, United States.
  43. Evan Cofsky, grandson of survivor, UK.
  44. Annie Sicherman, granddaughter of survivors, United States.
  45. Anna Heyman, granddaughter of survivors, UK.
  46. Maya Ober, granddaughter of survivor and relative of deceased in Teresienstadt and Auschwitz, Tel Aviv.
  47. Anne Haan, granddaughter of Joseph Slagter, survivor of Auschwitz. Lives in The Netherlands.
  48. Oliver Ginsberg, grandson of victim, Germany.
  49. Alexia Zdral, granddaughter of Polish survivors, United States.
  50. Mitchel Bollag, grandson of Stanislaus Eisner, who was living in Czechoslovakia before being sent to a concentration camp. United States.
  51. Vivienne Porzsolt, granddaughter of victims of Nazi genocide, Australia.
  52. Lisa Nessan, granddaughter of survivors, United States.
  53. Kally Alexandrou, granddaughter of survivors, Australia.
  54. Laura Ostrow, granddaughter of survivors, United States
  55. Anette Jacobson, granddaughter of relatives killed, town of Kamen Kashirsk, Poland. Lives in United States.
  56. Tamar Yaron (Teresa Werner), granddaughter and niece of victims of the Nazi genocide in Poland, Israel.
  57. Antonio Roman-Alcalá, grandson of survivor, United States.
  58. Jeremy Luban, grandson of survivor, United States.
  59. Heather West, granddaughter of survivors and relative of other victims, United States.
  60. Jeff Ethan Au Green, grandson of survivor who escaped from a Nazi work camp and hid in the Polish-Ukranian forest, United States.
  61. Johanna Haan, daughter and granddaughter of victims in the Netherlands. Lives in the Netherlands.
  62. Aron Ben Miriam, son of and nephew of survivors from Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Salzwedel, Lodz ghetto. Lives in United States.
  63. Noa Shaindlinger, granddaughter of four holocaust survivors, Canada.
  64. Merilyn Moos, granddaughter, cousin and niece murdered victims, UK.
  65. Ruth Tenne, granddaughter and relative of those who perished in Warsaw Ghetto, London.
  66. Craig Berman, grandson of Holocaust survivors, UK.
  67. Nell Hirschmann-Levy, granddaughter of survivors from Germany. Lives in United States.
  68. Osha Neumann, grandson of Gertrud Neumann who died in Theresienstadt. Lives in United States.
  69. Georg Frankl, Grandson of survivor Ernst-Immo Frankl who survived German work camp. Lives in Germany.
  70. Julian Drix, grandson of two survivors from Poland, including survivor and escapee from liquidated Janowska concentration camp in Lwow, Poland. Lives in United States.
  71. Katrina Mayer, grandson and relative of victims, UK.
  72. Avigail Abarbanel, granddaughter of survivors, Scotland.
  73. Denni Turp, granddaughter of Michael Prooth, survivor, UK.
  74. Fenya Fischler, granddaughter of survivors, UK.
  75. Yakira Teitel, granddaughter of German Jewish refugees, great-granddaughter of survivor, United States.
  76. Susan Koppelman, granddaughter of survivor, United States
  77. Hana Umeda, granddaughter of survivor, Warsaw.
  78. Jordan Silverstein, grandson of two survivors, Canada.
  79. Daniela Petuchowski, granddaughter of survivors, United States.
  80. Aaron Lerner, grandson of survivors, United States.
  81. Judith Bernstein, granddaughter of Holocaust victims in Auschwitz, Germany.
  82. Samantha Wischnia, granddaughter and great niece of survivors from Poland, United States.
  83. Elizabeth Wischnia, granddaughter and grand niece of three holocaust survivors, great aunt worked for Schindler, United States.
  84. Daniel Waterman, grandson of survivor, The Netherlands.
  85. Elana Baurer, granddaughter of survivor, United States.
  86. Pablo Roman-Alcala, grandson of participant in the kindertransport and survivor, Germany.
  87. Karine Abdel Malek, grandchild of survivor, Henri Waisman, Morocco.
  88. Elana Baurer, granddaughter of survivor, United States.
  89. Lillian Brown, granddaughter of survivor, United States.
  90. Devin Cahn, grandson of survivors, United States.
  91. Daniel Lévyne, grandson of a deportee, France.
  92. Emilie Ferreira, granddaughter of survivors, Switzerland.
  93. Chaim Neslen, grandchild of many victims and friend of many survivors, UK.
  94. Ann Jungmann, granddaughter to three victims, UK.
  95. Ellie Schling, granddaughter of a survivor, UK.
  96. Danny Katch, grandson of a survivor, United States.
  97. Karen Pomer, granddaughter of Henri B. van Leeuwen, member of Dutch resistance and survivor of Bergen Belsen, United States.
  98. Gilda Mitchell Katz, granddaughter of survivors, uncle and aunt killed In Dombrova, Canada.
  99. Dana Newfield, granddaughter of survivor and relative of many murdered, United States.
  100. Ilana Guslits, granddaughter of two Polish survivors, Canada.
  101. Gerald Coles-Kolsky, grandson of victims in Poland and France, United States.
  102. Lesley Swain, granddaughter and cousin of survivors, UK.
  103. Myera Waese, granddaughter of survivors of Bergen Belsen, Canada.
  104. Ronni Seidman, grandchild of survivors. United States.
  105. Mike Shatzkin, grandchild of survivors, some family members murdered and some who died in the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. United States.
  106. Nance Shatzkin, grandchild of survivors, some family members murdered and some who died in the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. United States.
  107. Karen Shatzkin, grandchild of survivors, some family members murdered and some who died in the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. United States.
  108. Myriam Burger, granddaughter of survivor. United States.
  109. Andre Burger, grandson of survivor Myriam Cohn, great-grandson of Sylvia Cohn and great-nephew of Esther Lore Cohn, both murdered in Auschwitz, United States.
  110. Sara Ayech, granddaughter of Gisela and Max Roth, survivors who lost many family members, UK.
  111. Monika Vykoukal, granddaughter of survivor, France.
  112. Patricia Reinheimer, grandaugther of survivors, Brazil.
  113. Nancy Patchell, granddaughter of resistance fighters, grandfather was caught and died in a concentration camp, Canada.
  114. Jaclyn Pryor, granddaughter of survivors from Czestochowa Ghetto, Poland; great-grandchild, niece, and cousin to many who perished, United States.
  115. Steven Rosenthal, grandson of survivor, Chile.
  116. Alfredo Hilt, grandson of victim, Germany.
  117. Arturo Desimone, grandson of a survivor of the ghetto of Çzestochowa, The Netherlands.
  118. Lazer Lederhendler, grandson of victims whose seven siblings also perished in the Warsaw Ghetto and Treblinka. Lives in Canada.
  119. Poppy Kohner, granddaughter of survivor, Scotland.
  120. Ben Young, grandson of survivor, UK.
  121. Martin Weise, grandson of Mrs Frieda Schmidtke, survivor of Theresienstadt, UK.
  122. Paul Blay, grandson of survivors saved by Schindler in Krakow, Poland. Lives in Australia.
  123. Dinah Kohner, granddaughter of survivor, Sudentenland, New Zealand.
  124. Amanda Reitzin, granddaughter of Polish survivor of Auschwitz, Australia.
  125. Niclas Witton, grandparents and member of wider family perished, Australia.
  126. Ron Witton, grandson of survivor, Australia.
  127. Leah Grabelsky, granddaughter of Kindertransport survivor from Vienna, United States.
  128. Ronnie Barkan, grandson of survivors from Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Dachau and Majdanek camps. Now lives in Yafa, Palestine48/Israel.
  129. Joseph Halevi, grandson of three victims, Australia.
  130. Pembe Mutaf, granddaughter of an Auschwitz survivor, Canada.
  131. Dr. Robert Stone, grandson of one who fled Nazi persecution, United States.
  132. Lozh Pizdesh, granddaughter of survivor, France.

Great-grandchildren of survivors

  1. Natalie Rothman, great granddaughter of Holocaust victims in Warsaw. Now lives in Canada.
  2. Yotam Amit, great-grandson of Polish Jew who fled Poland, United States.
  3. Daniel Boyarin, great grandson of victims of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  4. Maria Luban, great-granddaughter of survivors of the Holocaust, United States.
  5. Mimi Erlich, great-granddaughter of Holocaust victim, United States.
  6. Olivia Kraus, great-grandaughter of victims, granddaughter and daughter of family that fled Austria and Czechoslovakia. Lives in United States.
  7. Emily (Chisefsky) Alma, great granddaughter and great grandniece of victims in Bialystok, Poland, United States.
  8. Inbal Amin, great-granddaughter of a mother and son that escaped and related to plenty that didn’t, United States.
  9. Matteo Luban, great-granddaughter of survivors, United States.
  10. Saira Weiner, greatgranddaughter and niece of those murdered in the Holocaust, granddaughter of survivors, UK.
  11. Andrea Isaak, great-granddaughter of survivor, Canada.
  12. Alan Lott, great-grandson of a number of relatives lost, United States.
  13. Sara Wines, great-granddaughter of a survivor and great-great granddaughter of victims, United States.
  14. Kristen Baum Wolfe, great-granddaughter of survivors, United States.
  15. Shelly Steinberg, great-granddaughter of German victims, murdered in Auschwitz, Tel Aviv.

Other relatives of survivors

  1. Terri Ginsberg, niece of a survivor of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  2. Nathan Pollack, relative of Holocaust survivors and victims, United States.
  3. Marcy Winograd, relatives of victims, United States.
  4. Rabbi Borukh Goldberg, relative of many victims, United States.
  5. Martin Davidson, great-nephew of victims who lived in the Netherlands, Spain.
  6. Miriam Pickens, relative of survivors, United States.
  7. Dorothy Werner, spouse of survivor, United States.
  8. Hyman and Hazel Rochman, relatives of Holocaust victims, United States.
  9. Rich Siegel, cousin of victims who were rounded up and shot in town square of Czestochowa, Poland. Lives in United States.
  10. Ignacio Israel Cruz-Lara, relative of survivor, Mexico.
  11. Debra Stuckgold, relative of survivors, United States.
  12. Joel Kovel, relatives killed at Babi Yar, United States.
  13. Carol Krauthamer Smith, niece of survivors of the Nazi genocide, United States.
  14. Chandra Ahuva Hauptman, relatives from grandfather’s family died in Lodz ghetto, one survivor cousin and many deceased from Auschwitz, United States.
  15. Shelly Weiss, relative of Holocaust victims, United States.
  16. Carol Sanders, niece and cousin of victims of Holocaust in Poland, United States.
  17. Sandra Rosen, great-niece and cousin of survivors, United States.
  18. Raquel Hiller, relative of victims in Poland. Now lives in Mexico.
  19. Alex Kantrowitz, most of father’s family murdered Nesvizh, Belarus 1941. Lives in United States.
  20. Michael Steven Smith, many relatives were killed in Hungary. Lives in United States.
  21. Linda Moore, relative of survivors and victims, United States.
  22. Juliet VanEenwyk, niece and cousin of Hungarian survivors, United States.
  23. Anya Achtenberg, grand niece, niece, cousin of victims tortured and murdered in Ukraine. Lives in United States.
  24. Betsy Wolf-Graves, great niece of uncle who shot himself as he was about to be arrested by Nazis, United States.
  25. Abecassis Pierre, grand-uncle died in concentration camp, France.
  26. Robert Rosenthal, great-nephew and cousin of survivors from Poland. Lives in United States.
  27. Régine Bohar, relative of victims sent to Auschwitz, Canada.
  28. Denise Rickles, relative of survivors and victims in Poland. Lives in United States.
  29. Louis Hirsch, relative of victims, United States.
  30. Concepción Marcos, relative of victim, Spain.
  31. George Sved, relative of victim, Spain.
  32. Judith Berlowitz, relative of victims and survivors, United States.
  33. Rebecca Sturgeon, descendant of Holocaust survivor from Amsterdam. Lives in UK.
  34. Justin Levy, relative of victims and survivors, Ireland.
  35. Sam Semoff, relative of survivors and victims, UK.
  36. Leah Brown Klein, daughter-in-law of survivors Miki and Etu Fixler Klein, United States
  37. Karen Malpede, spouse of hidden child who then fled Germany. Lives in United States
  38. Michel Euvrard, husband of survivor, France.
  39. Walter Ebmeyer, grandnephew of three Auschwitz victims and one survivor now living in Jerusalem, United States.
  40. Garrett Wright, relative of victims and survivors, United States.
  41. Lynne Lopez-Salzedo, descendant of three Auschwitz victims, United States.
  42. Renee Leavy, 86 victims in my mother’s family, United States.
  43. Steven Kohn, 182 victims in my grandparents’ families, United States.
  44. Dorah Rosen Shuey, relative of many victims and 4 survivors, United States.
  45. Carol Lipton, cousin of survivors, United States.
  46. Catherine Bruckner, descendent of Czech Jewish victims of the holocaust, UK.
  47. Susan Rae Goldstein, carrying the name of my great-aunt Rose Frankel, from Poland and murdered along with many other family members, Canada.
  48. Jordan Elgrably, nephew of Marcelle Elgrably, killed in Auschwitz, United States.
  49. Olivia M Hudis, relative of Auschwitz victims, United States.
  50. Peter Finkelstein, relative of victims and survivors, Germany.
  51. Colin Merrin, descendant of Polish and Belarusian Jewish victims, UK.
  52. Howard Swerdloff, most of my family died in the Shoah, United States.
  53. Margarita E Freund, descendant of Breslau and Ukrainian Jewish victims, United States.
  54. Marsha Goldberg, relative of victims in Poland, United States.
  55. Michael Rosen, father’s two uncles died in Auschwitz, UK.
  56. Susan L. Lourenco, relative of victims,killed in Theresienstadt, Auschwitz. Now lives in Germany.
  57. Shirley Luban, niece of uncle, who perished, United States.
  58. Jennifer Simon, great-great niece of victims of Buchenwald and Theresienstadt, United States.
  59. Quelle:

Jeff Halper: Die Globalisierung Gazas

Wie Israel das internationale Recht durch “juristische Kriegsführung” aushöhlt

​ 18. August 2014
Operation ‘Fels in der Brandung’ (Protective Shield) war nicht nur der militärische Angriff auf eine vorwiegend aus Zivilisten bestehende Bevölkerung. Wie in seinen vorangegangenen ‘Operationen’ ( Cast Lead – Gegossenes Blei im Jahre 2008/09 und Pillar of Defense – Wol-kensäule im Jahre 2012), war es auch Teil eines andauernden Angriffes auf das humanitäre Völkerrecht (IHL) durch ein exzellent koordiniertes Team von israelischen Anwälten, Offizie-ren, PR-Leuten und Politikern, angeführt von, man höre und staune, einem Ethikphilosophen. Das Ziel der Bemühungen ist es nicht nur, zu verhindern, dass Israel wegen schwerer Verlet- zungen der Menschenrechte und internationaler Gesetze belangt werden kann, sondern auch, anderen Regierungen dabei zu helfen, derartige Einschränkungen zu umgehen, wenn auch sie sich in eine ‘asymmetrische Kriegführung’, ‘Niederschlagung eines Aufstandes’ oder ‘Terro-rismusbekämpfung’ gegen Menschen begeben, die sich gegen ihre Herrschaft wehren. Es handelt sich um eine Kampagne, die Israel ‘juristische Kriegsführung’ nennt (lawfare). Wir sollten sie sehr ernst nehmen.
Die dringende Notwendigkeit dieser Kampagne wird unterstrichen durch eine Serie von Rückschlägen und Herausforderungen, denen Israel sich in den letzten zehn Jahren gegenüber sah. Sie begann mit der Anklage Sharons durch ein belgisches Gericht im Jahre 2001 wegen seiner Verwicklung in die Massaker von Sabra und Shatila. Er entkam der Verhandlung. Im Gefolge der Operation Defensive Shield (“Operation Schutzschild”) im Jahre 2002 veranlass-te Sharons Regierung die Zerstörung von Hunderten von palästinensischen Häusern in der West Bank, die völlige Zerstörung praktisch der gesamten Infrastruktur der palästinensischen Städte, und sie war für den Tod von 497 Palästinensern verantwortlich. Israel war deshalb wegen Kriegsverbrechens angeklagt, vereitelte aber erfolgreich eine Untersuchung durch die UN.
Im Jahre 2004 befand der Internationale Gerichtshof in Den Haag auf Antrag der Un-Vollver-sammlung, dass Israels Bau der Mauer innerhalb des palästinensischen Territoriums ‘ gegen internationales Recht verstößt’ und dass die Mauer abgerissen werden muss. Dieses Urteil wurde nahezu einstimmig von der UN-Vollversammlung bestätigt, nur Israel, die Vereinigten Staaten, Australien und ein paar Atolle im Pazifik stimmten dagegen. Allerdings mangelte es auch hier wieder an den Möglichkeiten der Umsetzung.
Im zweiten Libanonkrieg im Jahre 2006, nachdem Israel den Beiruter Stadtteil Dahiya, eine ‘Festung’ der Hizbollah, zerstört hatte, verkündete Israel seine ‘Dahiya Doktrin’. Gadi Eisenkott, der Chef des Nordkommandos der IDF erklärte,
 dass das, was in Dahiya im Jahre 2006 geschah ‘in jedem Dorf passieren wird, von dem aus Israel beschossen wird….Wir werden unverhältnismäßige Gewalt anwenden und große Zerstörung anrichten. Nach unserer Meinung handelt es sich dabei nicht um zivile Dörfer, sondern um Militärbasen…. Dies ist keine Empfehlung, dies ist ein Plan. Und der Plan wurde gebilligt.’
Und er wurde auch erneut angewendet. Der Goldstone-Bericht zu der Operation ‘Gegossenes Blei’ kam zu dem Schluss,
 dass ’ die Taktiken, die vom israelischen Militär in der Gaza-Offensive (von 2008/09) angewandt wurden, übereinstimmen mit Praktiken, die zuvor angewendet wurden, zuletzt im Libanonkrieg von 2006. Ein Konzept, das die ‘Dahiya-Doktrin’ genannt wurde, kam zum Tragen. Es schloss die Anwen-dung von unverhältnismäßiger Gewalt und die Verursachung großen Schadens ein, die Zerstörung zivilen Eigentums und ziviler Infrastruktur, so wie Leid, das der Zivilbevölkerung zugefügt wurde.
Die Dahiya Doktrin verletzt zwei Grundprinzipien des humanitären Völkerrechts: Das Unter-scheidungsprinzip und das Prinzip der Verhältnismäßigkeit. Das Unterscheidungsprinzip, das in den vier Genfer Konventionen von 1949 und in zweien ihrer Zusatzprotokolle aus dem Jahr 1977, niedergelegt ist, besteht aus einer verbindlichen Regel: Zivilisten dürfen nicht von Ar-meen angegriffen werden. Im Gegenteil, sie müssen geschützt werden. Gewalt gegen Leben und Personen ist streng verboten, ebenso wie ‘Gräueltaten, die gegen die persönliche Würde gerichtet sind.’
Das Prinzip der Verhältnismäßigkeit, das ebenfalls in den Protokollen der Vierten Genfer Konvention von 1977 niedergelegt ist,  sieht es als Kriegsverbrechen an, wenn absichtlich ein militärisches Objekt angegriffen wird, wohlwissend, dass die Anzahl der Zivilisten, die dabei verletzt werden, unverhältnismäßig hoch im Vergleich zum erwarteten militärischen Vorteil sein wird. ‘Die Anwesenheit von Personen innerhalb der Zivilbevölkerung, die nicht wirkli-che Zivilisten sind,’ sagt Artikel 50 (3) des Protokolls Nr. 1, beraubt die Bevölkerung als Ganzes nicht ihres zivilen Charakters.’
Diese Prinzipien wurden nicht nur erneut während des gegenwärtigen Krieges verletzt – und die israelische Regierung, dies wohl wissend, hat ihre Verteidigung vor dem internationalen Untersuchungsausschuss des Menschenrechtsrat der Vereinten Nationen und vor dem interna-tionalen Strafgerichtshof (sollte sich die Palästinensische Autonomiebehörde dorthin wenden) sorgfältig vorbereitet. Darüber hinaus wurde eine zusätzliche Doktrin der beabsichtigten Un-verhältnismäßigkeit erklärt und angewandt: die Hannibal Doktrin. Diese besagt, dass, wenn ein israelischer Soldat gefangengenommen wird, es zur Hauptaufgabe der Armee wird, ihn zu retten, ohne Rücksicht darauf, wie viele Zivilisten dabei getötet oder verletzt werden, wie viel Schaden dabei angerichtet wird, oder selbst ob der gefangene Soldat selbst dabei durch‘Eigen-beschuss’ getötet oder verletzt wird. So kam es, dass, als man (fälschlicherweise, wie sich später herausstellte) glaubte, dass ein israelischer Soldat von der Hamas in der Gegend von Rafah gefangengenommen worden sei, das gesamte Stadtgebiet unter massives israelisches Artilleriefeuer und Luftangriffe geriet, bei denen Hunderte von Gebäuden zerstört und min-destens 130 Menschen getötet wurden.
Die Verletzungen der Prinzipien der Unterscheidung und der Verhältnismäßigkeit stellen schwere Brüche des internationalen Rechts dar – man darf sich gar nicht vorstellen, was Staaten tun würden, wenn  diese Prinzipien abgeschafft oder wesentlich verwässert würden. Aber dies genau ist es, was Israel anstrebt.
Israel benutzt die Palästinenser als Versuchskaninchen in einer kühnen und aggressiven Strategie, internationales Recht ‘auszubessern’. Israel möchte neue Kategorien von Kom-battanten schaffen – ‘ ungesetzliche Akteure’ wie etwa ‘Terroristen’, ‘Aufständische’ und ‘nicht-staatliche Akteure’ gemeinsam mit der Zivilbevölkerung, die sie unterstützt. Danach könnte dann niemand, der sich staatlicher Unterdrückung widersetzt, mehr Schutz beanspru-chen. Dies ist besonders wichtig, da, wie uns der britische General Rupert Smith darlegt, mo-derner Krieg sich rapide vom traditionellen Modell des Krieges zwischen Staaten wegbewegt, hin zu dem, was er ein ‘neues Paradigma’ nennt, dem ‘Krieg im Volk’ – in dem wir ‘im Volk kämpfen und nicht auf dem Schlachtfeld.’ Ein unter Militärs populärerer Begriff, der der asymmetrischen Kriegsführung, ist vielleicht ehrlicher und aufschlussreicher, da er das Machtgefälle unterstreicht, das zwischen Staaten und ihren Armeen einerseits und der relativen Schwäche der nicht-staatlichen Kräfte, die ihnen gegenüber stehen, existiert.
Doch ‘das Volk’, diese nervtötenden ‘nicht-staatlichen Akteure’, hat auch Rechte. Damals im Jahre 1960 hat die Erklärung der UN-Vollversammlung zur Gewährung der Unabhängigkeit kolonialer Länder und Völker das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker unterstrichen und, infolgedessen, ihr Recht auf Widerstand, sogar mit Bewaffneten, gegen ‘fremde Unter-werfung, Unterdrückung und Ausbeutung’.
Die Zurückdrängung dieses Prinzips durch die Regierungen im Laufe der Jahre – und sicher-lich besonders seit 9/11 – wurde angeführt durch die USA und Israel. Seitdem war es das Ziel, das Recht der nicht-staatlichen Akteure, sich gegen Unterdrückung zur Wehr zu setzen, zu de-legitimieren.
Wenn also Obama und die EU Israels Recht auf Selbstverteidigung aufrechterhalten, schlie-ßen sie damit nicht das Recht eines besetzten Volkes auf Selbstverteidigung ein. Nicht-staat-liche Akteure werden sogar als „Terroristen“ gebrandmarkt (eine Bezeichnung Israels für alle Aufständischen, Revolutionäre und alle Protestierende, die die Besatzungsmacht bedrohen) und so aller Legitimation beraubt. Sie sind damit keine Partei im Konflikt, mit der Verhand-lungen möglich sind. Wenn Sie den Schutz des Internationalen Rechts suchen, wie die Men-schen von Gaza es taten, dann begeben sie sich in etwas, das Israel „juristische Kriegsfüh-rung“ („lawfare“) nennt: „Terroristen“ benutzen das internationale Recht als Waffe gegen Demokratien. Israels Kampagne gegen diese ‚juristische Kriegsführung’ versucht natürlich, nicht-staatliche Akteure als Schurken darzustellen, aber „juristische Kriegsführung“ be-schreibt am besten Israels eigene Bemühungen, das Internationale Recht nach eigenem Bedarf zu verbiegen – eine Art asymmetrische ‚juristische Kriegführung’, um alle Beschränkungen zu beseitigen, denen Staaten unterliegen, die Kriege gegen ihre Bevölkerungen führen wollen.
Israels Kampagne der „juristischen Kriegsführung“ wird von zwei Leuten angeführt. Einer ist As Kasher, ein Professor für Philosophie und „Praktische Ethik“ an der Universität Tel Aviv, der Autor des Verhaltenskodex für die israelische Armee (IDF). Die Mitarbeit eines professio-nellen Ethikers in der israelischen Armee ist Grundlage für die oft aufgestellte Behauptung, die IDF sei die „moralischste Armee der Welt“. Der zweite ist Generalmajor Amos Yadlin, der frühere Chef des National Defense College, unter dessen Leitung Kasher und sein Team den Verhaltenskodex formulierten. Er ist heute der Chef des militärischen Geheimdienstes.
Es ist völlig angemessen und verständlich, dass Israel die Kampagne anführt, die Schutzvor-kehrungen für nichtkämpfende Zivilisten zu lockern, versichert Kasher energisch. „Die ent-scheidende Frage ist“, sagt er,
„wie aufgeklärt Länder sich verhalten. Wir in Israel sind in einer Schlüsselposi-tion der Rechtsentwicklung in diesem Bereich, weil wir im Kampf gegen den Terrorismus Fronterfahrung haben. Dies wird allmählich sowohl im israeli-schen Rechtssystem als auch im Ausland anerkannt….Was wir tun, ist  im Begriff Gesetz zu werden. Dies sind Konzepte, die nicht völlig legal sind, aber starke ethische Elemente enthalten.
Die Genfer Konvention basiert auf Hunderten von Jahren Tradition fairer Regeln des bewaffneten Kampfes. Die waren angemessen für die klassische Kriegsführung, als eine Armee gegen eine andere kämpfte. Aber in unserer Zeit sind diese Regeln über den Haufen geworfen worden. Es gibt internatio-nale Bestrebungen, die Regeln zu revidieren und dem Krieg gegen den Terro-rismus anzupassen. Gemäß den neuen Bestimmungen gibt es immer noch eine Unterscheidung, wer getroffen und wer nicht getroffen werden darf, aber nicht mehr so krass wie früher. Das Konzept der Proportionalität ist auch verändert worden….
Ich bin nicht optimistisch genug, anzunehmen, dass die Welt demnächst Israels füh-rende Position bei der Entwicklung des Völkergewohnheitsrechts anerkennt. Meine Hoffnung ist jedoch, dass unsere Doktrin, vielleicht mit kleinen Veränderungen, in das Völkergewohnheitsrecht Eingang findet, um die Kriegsführung zu regulieren und Unheil zu begrenzen.“
Um eine philosophische Grundlage für die Aushöhlung der Prinzipien der Unterscheidung und Proportionalität zu liefern stellten Kasher und Yadlin eine “neue Doktrin der Militär-ethik“ auf, die auf ihrer Version einer „gerechten Kriegsdoktrin im Kampf gegen den Terror“ beruht. Damit bevorteilen sie Staaten in ihrem Kampf gegen nichtstaatliche Akteure, indem sie ihnen das Recht geben, einen Gegner „Terrorist“ zu nennen, ein Begriff, für den es im Internationalen Recht keine allgemein akzeptierte Definition gibt, und damit berauben sie ihn jeglichen rechtlichen Schutzes. Sie definieren „Terrorakt“
 als eine Aktion von Individuen oder Organisationen, die nicht im Auftrage eines Staates ausgeführt wird und den Zweck hat, Personen zu töten oder zu verletzen, die Mitglieder einer bestimmten Bevölkerung sind. Sie wollen sie in Schrecken versetzen (sie terrorisieren) und sie damit veranlassen, ihr Regime oder ihre Regierung oder politische Maßnahmen zu ändern, sei es aus politi-schen oder ideologischen (inklusive religiösen) Gründen.
Wenn wir die Worte „nicht im Auftrag eines Staates“ weglassen, dann entspricht diese Defi-nition eines Terrorakts genau Israels Dahiya-Doktrin. Laut Generalmajor Giora Eiland sollen Angriffe gegen Israel abgeschreckt werden, indem man „der Zivilbevölkerung in einem sol-chen Maße Schaden zufügt, dass Druck auf die feindlichen Kämpfer ausgeübt wird“. Wenn man den Kampf eines Volkes auf eine Serie einzelner Aktionen reduziert, kann man eine ge-samte Widerstandsbewegung als „terroristisch“ verunglimpfen, allein aufgrund einer Aktion oder spezieller Aktionen und ohne Rücksicht auf den Hintergrund oder die Gerechtigkeit der Sache. Wenn das einmal geschehen ist wird es leicht, nichtstaatlichen Widerstand zu krimina-lisieren, denn Terrorismus ist, in Kashers Worten, „völlig unmoralisch“.
Israels Versuch, die iranischen Revolutionswächter zur „Terrororganisation“ erklären zu lassen, obwohl sie staatliche Akteure sind, zeigt den tendenziösen Charakter Kashers und Yadlins philosophischer Definitionen, denn es passt nicht in ihre „staatlich/nichtstaatlich“ Einteilung. Was hält dann aber die internationale Gemeinschaft ab, die IDF und verschiedene geheime israelische Organisationen wie den Mossad oder Shin Bet (den Inlandsgeheimdienst) als „Terrororganisationen“ zu bezeichnen? Selbst der Goldstone-Bericht kam zu dem Schluss, dass Israels Angriff auf Gasa während der Operation Gegossenes Blei „eine bewusst unverhältnismäßige Attacke gewesen sei, konzipiert, um „eine zivile Bevölkerung zu bestrafen, zu erniedrigen und zu terrorisieren“.
Nachdem sie staatlicherseits definierte „Terrorakte“ delegitimiert haben, gehen Kasher und Yadlin daran, weitere staatliche Maßnahmen zu legitimieren wie jene, die Israel gegen die Hisbollah, Hamas, ja jeden palästinensischen Widerstand ergriffen hat, indem sie sich auf „Selbstverteidigung“ berufen, ein Anspruch, der laut der Theorie des gerechten Krieges und nach Artikel 51 der UN Charta nur für Staaten gilt. Sie beginnen bei ihrer Erklärung der Er-eignisse, die zum Angriff auf Gasa führten, mit den einzelnen Aktionen der „Terrororganisa-tion“, nämlich den Raketenangriffen auf Israel, ohne Berücksichtigung der 47 Jahre Besat-zung, der 25 Jahre der Einsperrung, der 7 Jahre eines von ihnen selbst so genannten Systems des Halb-Verhungerns und der Angriffe auf Hamas, die dem Raketenbeschuss vorausgingen – oder, um genau zu sein, dem Recht der Palästinenser, sich „fremder Unterdrückung, Herrschaft und Ausbeutung“ zu widersetzen.
Kasher und Yadlin unterstellen auch, dass Staaten keine Terrorakte ausführen können, weil sie ja Staaten sind und ein „legitimes Gewaltmonopol“ haben. Nicht-staatlicher „Terror von unten“, der sie so beunruhigt, ist jedoch verschwindend klein wenn man ihn mit „Terror von oben“ vergleicht, dem Staatsterrorismus. In seinem Buch „Tod durch die Regierung“ weist R. J. Pummel darauf hin, dass im Laufe des 20. Jahrhunderts ungefähr 170 000 unschuldige Zivilisten von nicht-staatlichen Akteuren getötet wurden, sicher eine bedeutende Summe. Aber, fährt er fort,
während der ersten 88 Jahre des (20sten) Jahrhunderts sind fast 170 Millionen Männer, Frauen und Kinder erschossen, geschlagen, gefoltert, erdolcht worden, verbrannt, verhungert, erfroren, zerdrückt oder zu Tode gearbeitet; lebend verbrannt, ertränkt, bombardiert oder auf eine andere der tausendfachen Art getötet, mit der Regierungen auf  unbewaffnete, hilflose Bürger und Aus-länder eingewirkt haben. Die Toten könnten ungefähr 360 Millionen Menschen ausmachen.
Und das – geschrieben 1994 – schließt noch nicht Zaire, Bosnien, Somalia, Ruanda, Sadam Husseins Herrschaft, die Folgen der UN Sanktionen auf die irakische Zivilbevölkerung und andere staatlich gesponserte Morde ein, die geschahen, nachdem Rummel seine Zahlen zu-sammengestellt hatte. Es berücksichtigt auch nicht alle Arten von Staatsterrorismus, der nicht den Tod zur Folge hat: Folter, Inhaftierung, Unterdrückung, Hauszerstörungen, geplanter Hunger, Einschüchterung und vieles mehr.
“Wir leugnen nicht,” räumt Kasher ein, “dass ein Staat Maßnahmen zur Tötung von Personen ergreifen kann, um die Bevölkerung zu terrorisieren mit dem Ziel, ein politisches oder ideolo-gisches Ziel zu erreichen.” Er fügt jedoch hinzu,
 wenn solche Aktionen im Auftrag des Staates durchgeführt werden oder von seinen Geheimdiensten, dann wenden wir auf den sich daraus ergebenden moralischen Konflikt ethische und juristische Prinzipien an, die allgemein auf normale international Konflikte zwischen Staaten oder ähnlichen politischen Gebilden angewendet werden. In einem solchen Kontext macht sich ein Staat, der zahlreiche Bürger eines anderen Staates tötet, um die Bevölkerung zu terrorisieren, eines Kriegsverbrechens schuldig.
Kashers Vorbehalt – “ein Staat, der zahlreiche Bürger eines anderen Staates tötet, um die Bevölkerung zu terrorisieren” – bezieht sich nicht auf einen Staat, der seine eigenen Bürger terrorisiert und nimmt Israel aus der Verantwortung, denn die terrorisierte Bevölkerung Gazas ist nicht Bürger eines anderen Landes.
Israels Strategie der juristischen Kriegsführung beruht darauf, illegale Handlungen zu wieder-holen und sie jeweils mit der “neuen Militärethik” zu begründen. “Wenn man etwas lange genug tut”, sagt der Oberst der Reserve Daniel Reisner, der frühere Chef der Rechtsabteilung der IDF, “wird die Welt das akzeptieren. Das ganze international Recht basiert auf der Idee, dass eine Maßnahme, die heute verboten ist, zulässig wird, wenn sie von genug Staaten durch-geführt wird…. Das Internationale Recht kommt voran durch Rechtsverletzungen. Wir erfan-den die These der extra-legalen Hinrichtung (dass außergerichtliche Hinrichtungen erlaubt sind, wenn es nötig ist, eine Operation gegen die Bürger Israels zu stoppen und wenn die Rolle, die das Zielobjekt spielt für die Operation wesentlich ist) und wir mussten auf ihre Anerkennung drängen. Acht Jahre später ist sie anerkannt als innerhalb der Grenzen des Rechts. “Je öfter westliche Staaten Prinzipien, die ihren Ursprung in Israel haben, auf ihre nicht-traditionellen Konflikte in Orten wie Afghanistan oder Irak anwenden,” sagt Kasher, “desto größer ist die Chance, dass diese Prinzipien ein wertvoller Teil des Internationalen Rechts werden.”
Vor einigen Jahren (2005) veröffentlichte die Jerusalem Post einen aufschlussreichen Artikel eines israelischen “Experten des Internationalen Rechts”, der, auch wenn er es vorzog, ano-nym zu bleiben, erklärte:
 Das Internationale Recht ist die Sprache der Welt und es ist mehr oder weni-ger die Messlatte, an der wir uns heute messen. Es ist die Lingua Franca der internationalen Organisationen. Also must Du dort mitspielen, wenn du Mit-glied der Weltgemeinschaft sein willst. Und das Spiel geht so: Solange Du behauptest, Du arbeitest innerhalb des internationalen Rechts und vernünftige Argumente bereit hältst, dass das, was Du tust, innerhalb des internationalen Rechts ist, solange ist alles in Ordnung. So geht das. Das ist eine sehr zynische Sichtweise darüber, wie die Welt funktioniert. Also, wenn Du ein bisschen erfindungsreich oder sogar ein bisschen radikal bist, solange Du das in diesem Kontext erklären kannst, werden die meisten Staaten nicht sagen, dass Du ein Kriegsverbrecher bist.
Dies ist eine ernste Sache. Genauso wie Israel die Besatzung – die Waffen und Taktiken der Unterdrückung – an willige Kunden wie die US- und EU-Militärs, Sicherheitsdienste und Polizeitruppen exportiert, so exportiert Israel auch seine juristische Sachkompetenz zur Manipulation der IDF und seine wirkungsvollen PR(Hasbara)–Techniken. Gaza stellt dabei nicht mehr dar als ein Versuchslabor für diese unterschiedlichen Werkzeuge der Unter-drückung. Es ist die Globalisierung Gasas, die ein wichtiger israelischer Exportfaktor ist. Exporte brauchen jedoch lokale Vertreter, um das Produkt zu verpacken und einen Markt in der lokalen Wirtschaft zu erzeugen. So hat B’nai Brith in den USA das “Lawfare Projekt” unter dem Slogan “Schutz vor der Politisierung der Menschenrechte” <>,  hervorgebracht, dessen Hauptstrategie darin besteht, prominente Rechtsexperten zu gewinnen, um Versuche zu delegitimieren, Israel für seine Verbrechen gegenüber dem Internationalen Humanitärem Recht zur Verantwortung zu ziehen.
Diese Globalisierung Gasas in militärischer wie juristischer Hinsicht macht den Slogan “wir sind alle Palästinenser”, der Ausdruck politischer Solidarität ist, auf uns alle anwendbar. Als Nebeneffekt wird noch ein Element hervorgehoben, dessen wir uns alle bewusst sein müssen: unsere Regierungen sind alle Israel.
(Jeff Halper ist Vorsitzender des Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD). Er ist zu erreichen unter: